IP65 PSSD Will get a Capability Improve

Samsung has been having fun with market success with their lineup of moveable SSDs, beginning with the T1 again in 2015. The corporate has been often updating their PSSD lineup with the evolution of various high-speed interfaces in addition to NAND flash expertise.

In early 2022, the corporate launched the Transportable SSD T7 Protect, a follow-up to the Transportable SSD T7 (Contact) launched in early 2020. Launched in fashions with capacities as much as 2TB, the ruggedness / IP65 score of the T7 Protect was marketed as a promoting level over the common Transportable SSD T7 and T7 Contact. The corporate launched a 4TB model on this lineup in mid-January for the EU market. Samsung is formally bringing over the brand new capability SKU to the North American market immediately. The evaluation beneath gives a complete have a look at the efficiency and worth proposition of the Transportable SSD T7 Protect 4TB.

Introduction and Product Impressions

Exterior bus-powered storage units able to 1GBps+ efficiency have turn out to be entry-level choices available in the market immediately. Fast developments in flash expertise (together with the arrival of 3D NAND and NVMe) in addition to sooner host interfaces (akin to Thunderbolt 3 and USB 3.2 Gen 2+) have been key enablers. Broadly talking, there are 5 distinct efficiency ranges on this market:

  • 2GBps+ drives with Thunderbolt 3 or USB4, utilizing NVMe SSDs
  • 2GBps drives with USB 3.2 Gen 2×2, utilizing NVMe SSDs or direct USB flash drive (UFD) controllers
  • 1GBps drives with USB 3.2 Gen 2, utilizing NVMe SSDs or direct UFD controllers
  • 500MBps drives with USB 3.2 Gen 1 (or, Gen 2, in some instances), utilizing SATA SSDs
  • Sub-400MBps drives with USB 3.2 Gen 1, utilizing UFD controllers

The Samsung Transportable SSD T7 Protect we’re immediately belongs to the third class within the above listing, using a NVMe SSD behind an ASMedia ASM2362 bridge chip. The 4TB model we’re immediately is basically the identical because the 2TB model we reviewed final yr, with the one variations being within the exterior elastomer masking’s shade and the variety of flash packages on the board. As a reminder, the T7 Protect has an industrial design that may shield the drive in opposition to mud ingress and splashes of water (IP65), in addition to lend it a component of ruggedness.

Samsung consists of two separate cables – one USB Sort-C to Sort-A, and one other Sort-C to Sort-C of roughly the identical size. Disassembling the unit is pretty trivial after taking out the 4 screws hidden underneath the product label stickers on both facet, and eradicating the elastomer masking. This reveals an aluminum metallic enclosure. The plastic tray holding the precise PSSD board can then be slid out after the removing of the plastic piece reverse the connector finish. Each plastic finish items have grommets round their periphery to make sure a very good seal and contribute to the IP65 score. The primary board is held on to the plastic tray by 4 smaller screws. The connector on the principle board has a red-colored sealing band to make sure that it does not turn out to be an ingress level for exterior materials. The gallery beneath consists of footage from the teardown course of.

Just like the 2TB model, the 4TB model can also be single-sided (however features a thermal pad on the empty facet). The SSD controller is the Pablo S4LR033 (additionally used within the Samsung SSD 980), and the ASMedia ASM2362 bridge chip is correct subsequent to it. The SSD subsystem within the PSSD T7 Protect is a DRAM-less one, and is just about the identical as that of the T7 Contact – apart from the flash packages. The 4 flash chips on board have the K9DVGB8J1B tag (in opposition to the K9DVGY8J5A within the PSSD T7 Contact). This half quantity decodes as: TLC, sixth gen V-NAND (128L / 136T), 512Gbit per die, 16 dies, 1TB for the entire package deal. This is similar NAND package deal utilized in Samsung 870 EVO SATA SSD.

Inner PSSD Board on the 2TB Model

Inner PSSD Board on the 4TB Model

The evaluation compares the Samsung Transportable SSD T7 Protect 4TB in opposition to the next:

  • Essential X6 4TB
  • SanDisk Excessive PRO v2 4TB
  • Samsung T7 Protect 2TB
  • Samsung T7 Contact 1TB

It have to be famous that there aren’t any apples-to-apples comparability within the above listing. The Essential X6 makes use of the Phison U17, a local flash controller. Nevertheless, just like the T7 Protect, it’s also a USB 3.2 Gen 2 PSSD. The SanDisk Excessive PRO v2 within the listing is on the similar capability level because the T7 Protect, however comes with a USB 3.2 Gen 2×2 upstream interface. The 2 different Samsung PSSDs are consultant of the identical PSSD household at completely different capability factors.

A fast overview of the inner capabilities of the storage units is given by CrystalDiskInfo. The Samsung PSSD T7 Protect helps full S.M.A.R.T passthrough, together with TRIM to make sure constant efficiency for the drive over its lifetime.

S.M.A.R.T Passthrough – CrystalDiskInfo

The desk beneath presents a comparative view of the specs of the completely different storage bridges offered on this evaluation.

Comparative Direct-Connected Storage Units Configuration
Downstream Port PCIe 3.0 x2 Native Flash
Upstream Port USB 3.2 Gen 2 Sort-C USB 3.2 Gen 2 Sort-C
Bridge Chip ASMedia ASM2362 Phison U17
Energy Bus Powered Bus Powered
Use Case Lightweight 1GBps-class moveable SSD with a sturdiness focus (IP65 score) Inexpensive 800MBps, compact, and sturdy moveable SSD in a pocketable form-factor
Bodily Dimensions 88 mm x 59 mm x 13 mm 69 mm x 64 mm x 11 mm
Weight 98 grams 41 grams (with out cable)
Cable 45 cm USB 3.2 Gen 2 Sort-C to Sort-C

45 cm USB 3.2 Gen 2 Sort-C to Sort-A
24 cm USB 3.2 Gen 2 Sort-C to Sort-C

Sort-C to Sort-A adapter bought individually
S.M.A.R.T Passthrough Sure Sure
UASP Help Sure Sure
TRIM Passthrough Sure Sure
{Hardware} Encryption Sure Not Obtainable
Evaluated Storage Samsung 136L V-NAND (6th Gen.) Micron 96L 3D QLC
Value USD 410 USD 481
Evaluation Hyperlink Samsung Transportable SSD T7 Protect 4TB Evaluation Essential X6 Transportable SSD 4TB Evaluation

Previous to trying on the benchmark numbers, energy consumption, and thermal resolution effectiveness, an outline of the testbed setup and analysis methodology is offered.

Testbed Setup and Analysis Methodology

Direct-attached storage units (together with moveable SSDs) are evaluated utilizing the Quartz Canyon NUC (basically, the Xeon / ECC model of the Ghost Canyon NUC) configured with 2x 16GB DDR4-2667 ECC SODIMMs and a PCIe 3.0 x4 NVMe SSD – the IM2P33E8 1TB from ADATA.

Essentially the most engaging facet of the Quartz Canyon NUC is the presence of two PCIe slots (electrically, x16 and x4) for add-in playing cards. Within the absence of a discrete GPU – for which there isn’t a want in a DAS testbed – each slots can be found. In reality, we additionally added a spare SanDisk Excessive PRO M.2 NVMe SSD to the CPU direct-attached M.2 22110 slot within the baseboard with the intention to keep away from DMI bottlenecks when evaluating Thunderbolt 3 units. This nonetheless permits for 2 add-in playing cards working at x8 (x16 electrical) and x4 (x4 electrical). For the reason that Quartz Canyon NUC does not have a local USB 3.2 Gen 2×2 port, Silverstone’s SST-ECU06 add-in card was put in within the x4 slot. All non-Thunderbolt units are examined utilizing the Sort-C port enabled by the SST-ECU06.

The specs of the testbed are summarized within the desk beneath:

The 2021 AnandTech DAS Testbed Configuration
System Intel Quartz Canyon NUC9vXQNX
CPU Intel Xeon E-2286M
Reminiscence ADATA Industrial AD4B3200716G22

32 GB (2x 16GB)

DDR4-3200 ECC @ 22-22-22-52
OS Drive ADATA Industrial IM2P33E8 NVMe 1TB
Secondary Drive SanDisk Excessive PRO M.2 NVMe 3D SSD 1TB
Add-on Card SilverStone Tek SST-ECU06 USB 3.2 Gen 2×2 Sort-C Host
OS Home windows 10 Enterprise x64 (21H1)
Because of ADATA, Intel, and SilverStone Tek for the construct parts

The testbed {hardware} is just one section of the analysis. Over the previous few years, the standard direct-attached storage workloads for reminiscence playing cards have additionally developed. Excessive bit-rate 4K movies at 60fps have turn out to be fairly frequent, and 8K movies are beginning to make an look. Recreation set up sizes have additionally grown steadily even in moveable sport consoles, because of excessive decision textures and art work. Retaining these in thoughts, our analysis scheme for direct-attached storage units entails a number of workloads that are described intimately within the corresponding sections.

  • Artificial workloads utilizing CrystalDiskMark and ATTO
  • Actual-world entry traces utilizing PCMark 10’s storage benchmark
  • Customized robocopy workloads reflective of typical DAS utilization
  • Sequential write stress take a look at

Within the subsequent part, now we have an summary of the efficiency of the Samsung Transportable SSD T7 Protect in these benchmarks. Previous to offering concluding remarks, now we have some observations on the PSSD’s energy consumption numbers and thermal resolution additionally.